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Does inequality cause underdevelopment?

Most "developing" or "underdeveloped" countries show high levels of inequality. Likewise, both in developing and developed countries, increases in inequality are often accompanied by declines in the levels of development. To what extent is this fact a simple

inequalitat com a causa

Does the Second Law Hold at Cosmic Scales?

According to the Thermodynamics laws, the behavior of systems in which gravity plays no role will reach a thermodynamic equilibrium and will not vary as long as it is not externally disturbed. This article questions whether these laws are still valid in large-scale systems or systems...

es valida