Critical thinking

Number of credits: 6 ECTS Price: 840 €
Price for UAB students*: 200 €
*Max. 5 places
Teaching Language: English Place: UAB Campus

Teaching Period: 15 July to 2 August

Contact: summer@uab.cat

Professor: Jordi Vallverdú, Pilar Dellunde

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Enrolment guidelines
 


PROFESSOR BIO INFORMATION

Jordi Vallverdú, Ph.D., M.Sci., B.Mus, B.Phil is Professor of Philosophy of Sciences, Computing & AI. As an expert in Cognitive Sciences, his research on natural and artificial reasoning integrates several disciplines and topics, being focused into emotions as well as (culturally laden) multi-heuristics. His true passion is robotics, besides enjoying haiku poetry and jazz music.

Pilar Dellunde, Professor of Logic at the Philosophy Department of the UAB, and adjunct Scientist at the Artificial Intelligence Research Institute since 2001. From 2012 to 2016, she was Vice-chancellor for Research of the UAB. At present she is the principal investigator of the RECERCAIXA 2018 project APPhil (jointly with Dr. Nardine Osman), and local coordinator of the Horizon 2020 European Project SYSMICS.

ACADEMIC GUIDE

Contents overview


Do you want to improve your critical thinking skills? In everyday life we are constantly giving reasons to believe things and take decisions. In this introductory course you will learn how to identify arguments, how to evaluate them, and how to avoid fallacies, thinking mistakes that lead to the formation of bad beliefs.

Critical argumentation is a practical skill that needs to be learned, from the very beginning, through the use of real examples of arguments. The real arguments we will analyze in the course will give practice in putting the desired skills to work. The methods presented are based on the latest state-of the-art techniques developed in argumentation theory and informal logic, as wll as the most updated discoveries on cognition and argumentation.

During the course we will organize an Argument Writing Workshop where the students could put into practice the different learned skills. There are no prerequisites to this course.

Contents

  • Week 1
    • The nature of arguments and "evidence"
    • Rethorics and different types of arguments
    • Deductive and inductive arguments
    • Abductive arguments
  • Week 2
    • Fallacies
    • Post-truth and fake news
    • Into the Reasoner’s Minds
    • Generalizations, analogies, metaphors, and causal arguments
  • Week 3
    • Visual aspects of arguments
    • Numbers, data, and statistics in argumentation
    • General rules for composing arguments
    • Possible counter-argument techniques

Teaching / learning activities

  • Week 1
    • Analysis of arguments
    • Analysis of Deductive and inductive arguments
  • Week 2
    • Identification of fallacies
    • Contemporary challenges case studies: climate change, cancer, AIDS, current politics
    • Argument Writing Workshop: argumentative essays and argument diagramming
  • Week 3
    • Multimodal arguments analysis
    • Identification of misleading numeric aspects of arguments

The course will be evaluated on the basis of Participation In Class (PIC) with daily exercises and on the qualifications of 3 weekly Assignments (A):

A1. Exercises on deductive and inductive arguments
A2. Identification of fallacies in an argument
A3. Writing a short argument. 

The grading formula is: PIC (22%) + A1/A2/A3 (26% each one).

Links and references
 
  • Douglas, M. (1996). Thought styles: critical essays on good taste. UK: Sage.
  • Groarke, L. (2017). Informal Logic. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2017/entries/logic-informal/
  •  Johnson-Laird, P. N. (2006). How we reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  •  Kahneman, D., & Egan, P. (2011). Thinking, fast and slow (Vol. 1). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  •  Moore, B. N., Parker, R., & Rosenstand, N. (2011). Critical thinking. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  •  Walton, D. (2005). Fundamentals of critical argumentation. Cambridge University Press.
  •  Swatridge, C. (2014). Oxford guide to effective argumentation and critical thinking, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Vallverdú, J. & Müller, V. (2018). Blended Cognition. Germany: Springer.
  • van Eemeren, F. H. , Garssen B., & Krabbe, E.C.W. (2014). Handbook of Argumentation Theory, Berlin: Springer Verlag.