With a Degree in Biology from the University of Barcelona and PhD in Biology from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Dr Arboix joined the Department of Pharmacology in the Faculty of Medicine at the UAB in 1976 and in 1985 she began teaching on degree courses in Veterinary Medicine.
Her teaching and research career has focussed on the area of pharmacology and in 1993 she was made a full professor of the UAB. Within that area, her research has concentrated mainly on veterinary pharmacology (infectious and parasitic diseases), co-directing the consolidated research group Clinical and Therapeutic Parasitology (UAB and UB). As part of that work she formed part of the European Committee on Veterinary Medicine of the European Medicines Agency from 1999 to 2006, she chaired the European Group for Antimicrobial Resistance from 2001 to 2004), and she was a member of the Expert Panel on Animal Feed Additives of the European Food Security Agency from 2003 to 2007 and the Scientific Committee of the Spanish Food Security and Nutrition Agency from 2003 to 2008.
She has published more than 100 articles in specialised journals and books and has taken part on over 40 grant-assisted programmes in public institutions and private companies both in Spain and abroad. These have resulted in a large number of scientific publications and 15 PhD theses. In 1995 she created the Drug Analysis Service, which today forms part of the Technological Innovation Support Centres Network.
In parallel, at the UAB she has been Vice-Dean and Dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Head of the Department of Pharmacology, Therapeutics and Toxicology. Chair of the Teaching and Research Staff Council and a member of numerous other committees. During this time she was also a member of the Board of Directors of the European Association of Establishments for Veterinary Education (1992-1995).
In October 2000 she joined the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products of the Ministry for Health and Consumer Affairs. In 2005 she was appointed as Director of Regional Health Services in Barcelona (Department of Health of the Generalitat de Catalunya). In 2010 she returned to Madrid to head the General Directorate for Agriculture and Husbandry of the Ministry for the Environment, Rural and Marine Zones, returning to the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona on 1 January 2012.
Over the years, even when her professional life has taken her to other public institutions, she has remained in contact with the UAB, teaching on the degree course in veterinary medicine and supervising doctoral theses.