Senyal bioprotecció

The term biosecurity is defined as the set of physical and administrative measures aimed at protecting biological material and information that, if released with malicious intent, voluntarily lost, stolen or unduly appropriated, could cause harm to (human, animal or plant) health or serious financial losses. Surveillance and inspection measures are needed to minimise the risk of BA being used for purposes of terrorism or crime for political or personal reasons.

The basic principle of surveillance is access control. To prevent unauthorised access to hazardous BA, suitable comprehensive control measures must be in place. These could include the following.

a) Physical barriers (access control, differentiating between public areas and laboratories, perimeter barrier, etc.).
b) Psychological barriers (identified surveillance personnel, security culture in place at all levels, cameras, mirrors, etc.).
c) Control activities (security patrols, involvement of internal personnel in controlling flows of people, control of access keys, etc.).
d) Accreditation of personnel that allows them to be identified and limits access to authorised personnel for each area.

Another control measure is to keep ongoing records (also at the disposal of the competent authorities) of all the BA that are being used or stored. These records (or inventories) include the scientific name of the BA or the origin of the cell line, its location or storage place, its risk group, its concentration, etc.

Further information.

  1. Laboratory biosecurity guidance (OMS)
  2. Australia Group Common Control list Handbook- Vol. II (2021)
  3. Conducting a biosecurity risk assessment (PHAC), 1st edition 2018.
  4. Developing a comprehensive biosecurity plan (PHAC 2016)
  5. Global guidance framework for the responsible use of the life sciences (WHO 2022)
  6. Guidelines for responsible conduct in veterinary research: identifying, assessing and managing dual use (WOAH 2019)
  7. Recommendations for the Evaluation and Oversight of Proposed Gain-of-Function Research. (NSABB 2016)



Dual Use Research