Organisation of polyfluorinated platinum nanoparticles
Metal nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 50 nm of diameter surrounded by a stabilizing agent to avoid their agglomeration. They have several applications in areas such as optics, magnetism and catalysis. Nanoparticles can take specific properties from the stabilizer. Thus, metal nanoparticles stabilized by highly fluorinated compounds are soluble in fluorinated solvents and they can be used in organic-fluorous biphasic catalysis.
The physical and chemical properties of these nanostructures are dependent on their size and shape, so it is necessary to find synthetic methods which allow good control of their morphology. The organometallic approach, developed by Bruno Chaudret and collaborators, is a good choice for that purpose and it consists in the decomposition of organometallic precursors by a reactive gas (hydrogen or carbon monoxide) under mild conditions.
Figure 3. Scanning Electron Microscopy images from wire shaped superstructures.
In the work described in this article, nanoparticles of ca 2 nm were obtained by combining the use of a polyfluorinated compound as stabilizer and the organometallic approach (following two different paths) as synthetic method. The nanomaterials thus obtained display rod or wire shaped superstructures (figures 2 and 3) and they were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and wide and small angle x-ray scattering, which confirmed the nanocomposites organization.
We can explain the observed superstructures by the coordination of the reactive gas on the nanoparticles surface, as well as the self-organization of the stabilizing agent in the reaction medium.
Formation of nanocomposites of platinum nanoparticles embedded into heavily fluorinated aniline and displaying long range organization. Mar Tristany, Marcial Moreno-Mañas, Roser Pleixats, Bruno Chaudret, Karine Philippot, Philippe Dieudonné, Pierre Lecante. J. Mater. Chem. 2008, 18, 660-666.